Our bones are often thought of as fixed materials in our bodies, but they are continuously undergoing remodeling. Remodeling is a process in which old bone is replaced with a new, stronger bone while the old bone cells are recycled. Remodeling can often cause bone damage or weakening of the bones that hold our teeth in place. Bone grafting helps strengthen these weakened areas of our bone structure.
The procedure is usually be done in a dentist’s office and consists of a small opening in the gums where grafting material is placed in the bones. The grafting material contains minerals that allow your body to produce new bone. It can come in various forms including powder, granules, and a gel. The grafting material may come from an animal, a person, or even yourself after it is cleaned and sterile in a laboratory. Following the placement of the bone graft, it is normally coated with a thin membrane that serves as a foundation for the fresh bone to be formed upon.