TMD can occur for a variety of reasons. Some of the most common causes of the condition include:
Bruxism. This is a condition that occurs when the patient subconsciously or unconsciously clenches or grinds their teeth.
An uneven bite. This is where the teeth don’t come together perfectly when the patient closes their mouth/jaw.
Osteoarthritis. This condition is characterized by the inflammation and degeneration of the joints in the body, including the temporomandibular joint.
Stress. Stress is a normal occurrence, but most people only experience short episodes. Nevertheless, persistent stress causes us to tense up our muscles and joints. Many people hold tension in their jaw and don’t even realize it.
Injury. A traumatic injury to the head, face, or neck can cause problems with the temporomandibular joint.